Property Decorators

Property decorators work with properties of classes.

function Override(label: string) {
return function (target: any, key: string) {
Object.defineProperty(target, key, {
configurable: false,
get: () => label
});
}
}
class Test {
@Override('test') // invokes Override, which returns the decorator
name: string = 'pat';
}
let t = new Test();
console.log(t.name); // 'test'

The above example must be compiled with both the --experimentalDecorators and --emitDecoratorMetadata flags.

In this case the decorated property is replaced by the label passed to the decorator. It's important to note that property values cannot be directly manipulated by the decorator; instead an accessor is used.

Here's a classic property example that uses a plain decorator

function ReadOnly(target: any, key: string) {
Object.defineProperty(target, key, { writable: false });
}
class Test {
@ReadOnly // notice there are no `()`
name: string;
}
const t = new Test();
t.name = 'jan';
console.log(t.name); // 'undefined'

In this case the name property is not writable, and remains undefined.